Non Hormonal Options
What is the male condom?
The male condom is placed on the penis when erect and prevents pregnancy by stopping sperm from entering the uterus. It can also reduce the spread of sexually transmitted infections. It is the most popular type of non-hormonal contraceptive.
What is the female condom?
The female condom is a vaginal liner.
How long do condoms last?
Condoms provide protection only for as long as they are properly worn. With male condoms, the penis should be withdrawn after ejaculation while still erect, being careful not to spill any semen.
The effectiveness of condoms against pregnancy depends largely on whether they are used properly. You may want to consider combining condoms with another form of contraception, such as the pill, contraceptive implant or ring, to provide even better contraceptive cover while reducing the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections.
Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to answer any questions you may have about condoms.
The intrauterine device (IUD)
What is the intrauterine device?
The intrauterine device (IUD) is a small plastic and copper device inserted into the uterus by a doctor.
How long does the IUD last?
The device can remain in place for up to 5 years.
How does the IUD work?
The IUD does not release any hormones. It prevents fertilisation and implantation of the egg.
The IUD is inserted by a doctor in a short procedure. It is inserted into the uterus through the cervix via an insertion tube. It can be removed by your doctor at any time. The majority of women wishing to become pregnant should be able to conceive within 12 months following removal of the IUD.
The information provided on this website about medicines is taken from the relevant Product Information/Consumer Medicine Information leaflets. Please see your doctor or pharmacist for more information on individual options.
Sexual Health & Family Planning Australia. Contraception. An Australian clinicial practice handbook. 2nd edition. November 2008.